When the United States was founded, not every citizen had the right to vote. Women were excluded, as were African Americans. The term suffrage means “the right to vote.” Women’s rights movements began even before the Civil War. Activists gathered at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, to plan how to address women’s suffrage. The Civil War actually disrupted women’s efforts at full citizenship rights. Black men were guaranteed the right to vote through the Fifteenth Amendment. Women did not gain the right to vote until 1920, with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. This week, Maps101 looks at women’s suffrage for Women’s History Month, given that voting rights are essential to influencing the direction of the government. Without voting rights, people are powerless.